Donald James Gray, Ph.D.

Honored Member Award 1986

Donald James Gray was co-author with Ernest Gardner and Ronan O’Rahilly, of one of the first non-encyclopedic, readable textbooks of gross anatomy entitled:  Anatomy:  A Regional Study of Human Structure, that enjoyed immense popularity in the 1960’s and early 1970’s.  Donald Gray was born January 16, 1908 in Spokane, WA.  He received his B.S. (1931), M.S. (1933), and Ph.D. (1937) from the University of Washington.

From 1937-1939, Donald was an Instructor in Anatomy at the University of Washington.  In 1939, he moved to Stanford University, where he held the rank of Assistant Professor (1939-1945), Associate Professor (1945-1949), and Full Professor (1949-1973).  Donald served as Chairman of the Department of Anatomy at Stanford University from 1961 until 1973, at which time he became Emeritus Professor.  His entire carrier was spent at Stanford University except for two separate NIH fellowships at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan in 1947-1948, and 1959-1960.

Donald Gray’s chief area of research focused chiefly upon the embryology of bones and joints, yet his work also included important histologic and gross anatomical studies of these structures.  Close to 40 abstracts and research papers dealt with these topics.  His work also included studies on muscles, testis, general anatomy and terminology.  As noted above, the text book:Anatomy:  A Regional Study of Human Structure, by Ernest Gardner, Donald Gray, and Ronan O’Rahilly, was immensely popular amongst anatomists in the 1960’s and early 1970’s, having editions published in 1960, 1963, and 1969.  Editions were also published in Argentina, and Japan.

During his professional career, Donald was also a member of the American Association of Anatomists, American Association of Physical Anthropologists,  a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Association of University Professors, and the Society of Sigma Xi.  He served as Associate Editor for the Stanford Medical Bulletin, and The American Journal of Anatomy,  Because of the contributions to our understanding of bone and joint development, and his textbook contributions, Donald James Gray was chosen the AACA’s, 1986 Honored Member.  Donald Gray passed away, March 29, 1989.