W. Henry Hollinshead, Ph.D.

Honored Member Award 1984

William Henry Hollinshead (1906-1986) was an internationally recognized anatomist, author, and the first Honored Member of the AACA. He was born in Winchester, Tennessee June 17, 1906, the son of Margaret and Dr. Warren Henry Hollinshead. He received his B.A. in 1926, his M.S. degree in 1927, and his Ph.D. degree in 1932, all from Vanderbilt University. From 1927 to 1930, Henry served as an instructor in biology at Vanderbilt. In 1930, he was appointed Instructor on the original faculty of the newly formed Duke University School of Medicine. He advanced to Associate in 1935, Assistant Professor in 1939, Associate Professor in 1944, and Full Professor in 1946. He was Visiting Associate Professor at the University of Tennessee in 1945. He has also served as a Visiting Professor at University of Washington School of Medicine, and the University of North Carolina.

Henry went to Rochester, Minnesota in 1947 to establish the Department of Anatomy at the Mayo Clinic and Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, and was head of that department until he retired in 1971. During his tenure at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, he trained countless graduate students devoting their careers to surgery. He carried out special investigations in the fields of experimental embryology, cytology and histology, physiology, neuroanatomy, and gross anatomy, especially clinical anatomy. He produced numerous teaching films in human anatomy. During his acclaimed career, Henry authored three anatomical textbooks which are classics in the discipline of anatomy. Functional Anatomy of the Limbs and Back was first published in 1951, and subsequently went to a 3rd Edition. It was primarily intended for physical therapy students, and others interested in musculoskeletal anatomy. His 3-volume set, Anatomy for Surgeons became and still remains a standard reference for clinical anatomy. Volume 1 – The Head and Neck; Volume 2 – The Thorax, Abdomen and Pelvis, and Volume 3 – The Back and Limbs were published from 1954 to 1958, with second editions following from 1968 to 1969. His Textbook of Anatomy, widely used by medical students, appeared in 1962, and continues as Hollinshead’s Textbook of Anatomy under other authorship.

Henry Hollinshead was a member of the American Association of Anatomists, serving on its Executive Committee 1965-66, and was Second Vice-President 1966-68. He was a member of Society of Sigma Xi, Phi Beta Kappa, International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He served on the National Board of Medical Examiners from 1964 to 1967, chairing the Anatomy Test Committee from 1968 to 1972.

W. Henry Hollinshead was selected the first Honorary Member of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists in 1984 in recognition of over 50 years of exemplary teaching and scholarship in the field of clinical anatomy.